What does a building inspection cover?

Building inspections are a critical part of the real estate industry, ensuring the safety, integrity, and compliance of structures. Whether you’re buying, selling, or maintaining a property, understanding what a building inspection covers is essential. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects that a building inspection typically encompasses.

- Vital Building and Pest Inspections
Table of Contents

Structural Integrity

One of the primary focuses of a building inspection is assessing the structural integrity of a property. Inspectors will examine the foundation, walls, floors, roof, and other structural components to identify any signs of damage, deterioration, or potential issues. This includes checking for cracks, shifting, or settlement problems that may compromise the stability of the building.

Electrical Systems

A thorough building inspection also covers the property’s electrical systems. This involves checking the wiring, outlets, switches, circuit breakers, and lighting fixtures for any defects or safety hazards. Inspectors ensure that the electrical system is up to code and functioning correctly.


Inspectors assess the plumbing system to identify leaks, corrosion, clogs, and potential water damage. They also check fixtures, pipes, water heaters, and drainage systems for proper functioning and compliance with plumbing codes.

HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) Systems

The heating and cooling systems in a building are examined to ensure they are in good working order. Inspectors check the furnace, air conditioning units, ductwork, and ventilation to verify that they are functioning efficiently and safely.

Roof and Attic

The condition of the roof is crucial to a building’s integrity. Inspectors examine the roofing materials, flashing, gutters, and downspouts for signs of damage, wear, or leaks. They also assess the attic for insulation, ventilation, and any signs of water damage or pests.


The exterior of the building is thoroughly inspected for issues such as siding damage, cracks in the foundation, and the overall condition of windows and doors. Inspectors also check for proper grading and drainage to prevent water infiltration.


Inside the property, inspectors assess various aspects, including the condition of walls, ceilings, floors, and the functionality of doors and windows. They may also look for evidence of mould, mildew, or pest infestations.

Safety Features

Building inspectors pay close attention to safety features, including fire alarms, smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, and fire exits. Ensuring these features are operational is crucial for the safety of occupants.

Code Compliance

Inspectors verify that the building complies with local building codes and regulations. This includes checking for adherence to zoning laws, accessibility standards, and other applicable codes.

Environmental Hazards

Some inspections may include evaluating the property for environmental hazards such as asbestos, lead paint, or radon gas, which can pose health risks to occupants.

- Vital Building and Pest Inspections
- Vital Building and Pest Inspections

A building inspection is a comprehensive evaluation of a property’s structural, mechanical, and safety aspects. It provides valuable information to buyers, sellers, and property owners to make informed decisions regarding repairs, renovations, or negotiations. Hiring a qualified building inspector is essential to ensure a thorough assessment of a property and to maintain its safety and value.